In a narrow sense, commons are the cultural and natural resources accessible to all members of a society, including natural materials such as air, water, and a habitable earth. These resources are held in common, not owned privately. Commons can also be understood as natural resources that groups of people (communities, user groups) manage for the individual and collective benefit.

Today, commons are also understood within a cultural sphere. These commons include literature, music, arts, design, film, video, television, radio,, software and information. Wikipedia is an example of the production and maintenance of common goods by a contributor community in the form of encyclopedic knowledge that can be freely accessed by anyone without a central authority.

Commons allows us to talk about the human necessities of life food, water, fuel, medicine that may otherwise be seen as market commodities alone. Commons allow us to discuss the need for open, non-propertized spaces available to all; if too much of that space, for example, scientific knowledge, musical works, cultural symbols is “locked up” through copyrights, patents or contracts, it can greatly impede future creativity and progress.

It may be morally repugnant